In order to address the high demand for data in information technology, spintronics proposes attractive solutions. They are mainly based on the exploitation of the spin-orbit coupling of heavy metals to use the spin-orbit torque (SOT) exerted on the magnetic layers attached to the heavy metal. An example of this concept is presented in the W/CoTb/AlOx system. Here, as the resistivities of the W and CoTb are similar, we introduce a new characteristic temperature, T_switch, which is higher than the magnetic and angular compensation temperatures and lower than the Curie temperature .
However, magnetic material can be a source of spin current as well. In GdFeCo, we can identify spin currents of two different symmetries, SAHE-like [2,3] and SHE-like corresponding respectively to the symmetries of the Spin Anomalous Hall Effect and Spin Hall Effect . We report giant SAHE in GdFeCo amorphous ferrimagnetic thin films. Overall efficiency is 25 times more important in GdFeCo/Cu/NiFe than in Pt/Cu/NiFe. Furthermore, we compare the self-torque in GdFeCo/Cu with torques induced by Pt or Ta in Pt/Cu/GdFeCo and Ta/Cu/GdFeCo structures. This paves the way for new architectures to achieve and exploit heavy metal free SOT switching and skyrmions manipulation .
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